The Greenbrier Golf Course is one of the most iconic and challenging golf courses in the United States. It is located in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, and has been the site of many prestigious golf tournaments over the years. But who owns this world-renowned golf course? In this article, we will delve into the ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course and uncover the intriguing history behind it. From its original owners to its current status, we will explore the many twists and turns that have shaped this legendary golf course. So, buckle up and get ready for a deep dive into the ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course.

The History of The Greenbrier Golf Course

Origins and Early Development

The Vanderbilts and The Greenbrier

The Greenbrier Golf Course, located in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, has a rich and storied history. It was first developed by the Vanderbilt family, who were prominent American industrialists during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Vanderbilts were known for their vast wealth and philanthropy, and they played a significant role in shaping the landscape of the United States during this time.

The Vanderbilts acquired the land that would become The Greenbrier in the late 1800s, and they envisioned it as a luxury resort destination. The Vanderbilts invested heavily in the property, constructing grand hotel buildings and other amenities to attract wealthy visitors from around the world.

Transformation into a World-Class Golf Course

Over time, The Greenbrier evolved from a simple resort destination into a world-class golf course. This transformation was the result of the vision and dedication of several key individuals, including the famed golf course architect, Seth Raynor.

Raynor was commissioned by the Vanderbilts to design the original 18-hole course at The Greenbrier, which opened in 1913. Raynor’s design was revolutionary for its time, featuring wide fairways, strategic bunkering, and subtle undulations that made the course both challenging and enjoyable for golfers of all skill levels.

As the popularity of golf grew in the United States during the early 20th century, The Greenbrier became a favorite destination for golf enthusiasts. The course was routinely ranked among the best in the country, and it hosted numerous prestigious tournaments, including the U.S. Open and the PGA Championship.

Despite the course’s success, it was not without its challenges. In the years following its opening, The Greenbrier faced numerous obstacles, including financial difficulties and the impact of two world wars. However, the course persevered, and it continued to evolve and improve over time.

Today, The Greenbrier Golf Course remains one of the most beloved and respected golf courses in the world. Its rich history and legacy continue to inspire and captivate golfers and non-golfers alike, making it a truly unique and special place.

Key Figures in the Development of The Greenbrier Golf Course

Seth Raynor: Master Architect

Seth Raynor was a prominent American golf course architect who played a crucial role in the development of The Greenbrier Golf Course. He was known for his innovative designs and his ability to blend the natural landscape with the golf course. Raynor’s designs were characterized by their strategic challenges, with his signature “Raynor-style” bunkers that were heavily influenced by the Old World links courses.

Raynor’s influence on The Greenbrier Golf Course can be seen in the layout of the course, with its unique blend of strategic holes and natural hazards. His designs aimed to challenge golfers while still providing them with an enjoyable experience.

Charles Blair Macdonald: The Course’s Visionary

Charles Blair Macdonald was a prominent golf course architect who also played a significant role in the development of The Greenbrier Golf Course. Macdonald was known for his visionary approach to golf course design, with a focus on creating courses that were both challenging and enjoyable for golfers of all skill levels.

Macdonald’s influence on The Greenbrier Golf Course can be seen in the course’s strategic design, with its challenging holes and unique hazards. He was also responsible for the creation of many of the course’s signature features, including its iconic “Macdonald-style” bunkers.

Overall, the contributions of both Seth Raynor and Charles Blair Macdonald played a significant role in shaping The Greenbrier Golf Course into the challenging and enjoyable experience that it is today.

Significant Tournaments Hosted at The Greenbrier Golf Course

The Greenbrier Classic: Professional Golf’s Storied Past

  • Established in 1972, The Greenbrier Classic was an annual professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour.
  • The event was held at the picturesque Greenbrier Golf Course in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, and quickly became a fan favorite due to its challenging layout and stunning mountain backdrop.
  • The tournament featured a star-studded field of professional golfers, including legends such as Jack Nicklaus, Arnold Palmer, and Gary Player, who all left their mark on the course over the years.
  • The Greenbrier Classic was known for its tight fairways, strategic bunkering, and challenging greens, which demanded precision and skill from even the world’s top players.
  • The tournament’s success was further bolstered by the world-class amenities and hospitality offered by The Greenbrier resort, which provided a luxurious and unforgettable experience for players, fans, and sponsors alike.
  • Despite its popularity, The Greenbrier Classic was sadly canceled in 2019 due to financial difficulties and the tournament’s struggles to find a new title sponsor.

U.S. Women’s Open: A Legacy of Excellence

  • The U.S. Women’s Open is one of the most prestigious events in women’s professional golf, and it has been hosted at The Greenbrier Golf Course on multiple occasions.
  • The first U.S. Women’s Open held at The Greenbrier was in 1948, and since then, the tournament has returned to the course several times, including in 1994, 2006, and 2014.
  • The Greenbrier Golf Course has a rich history of hosting major women’s golf events, and it has been the site of many memorable moments and championships over the years.
  • The course’s challenging layout and strategic design have consistently tested the world’s top female golfers, and its lush fairways and immaculate greens have provided a formidable test of skill and endurance.
  • The U.S. Women’s Open at The Greenbrier has been won by some of the greatest golfers of all time, including Babe Zaharias, Mickey Wright, and Annika Sorenstam, who all etched their names into the tournament’s storied history.
  • The event has also been graced by more recent champions such as Inbee Park, Ariya Jutanugarn, and So Yeon Ryu, who have continued the tradition of excellence and set the bar even higher for future generations of female golfers.

The Ownership Structure of The Greenbrier Golf Course

Key takeaway: The Greenbrier Golf Course in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, has a rich history dating back to the late 19th century when it was developed by the Vanderbilt family. Over time, the course transformed into a world-class golf destination, hosting significant tournaments such as the U.S. Women’s Open and The Greenbrier Classic. The course’s ownership structure has also played a crucial role in its development, with American Express and Jim Justice acquiring the course and making significant investments to restore its former glory. The Greenbrier Golf Course’s continued success is due to its ability to balance tradition with modernity, preserving its heritage while embracing technological advancements. The course’s future looks promising, with plans for sustainable development and environmental stewardship, as well as the addition of a new course called The Meadows.

Corporate Ownership and the American Express Era

The Purchase by American Express

In 1977, The Greenbrier Golf Course was purchased by the American Express Company, marking a significant turning point in the resort’s history. At the time, American Express was seeking to expand its portfolio of leisure properties, and The Greenbrier’s storied past and reputation as a premier golf destination made it an attractive acquisition. The company’s vision was to transform the resort into a world-class destination for golf enthusiasts, while also maintaining its rich history and heritage.

Challenges and Restructuring

The integration of The Greenbrier into the American Express portfolio was not without its challenges. One of the primary concerns was the preservation of the resort’s historic character and maintaining its reputation as a top golf destination. To address these issues, American Express invested heavily in restoring and modernizing the resort’s facilities, including the iconic Old White TPC Course, which had fallen into disrepair in the years prior to the acquisition.

In addition to the restoration efforts, American Express faced the challenge of balancing the resort’s historic character with the demands of modern-day golfers. This delicate balancing act required a careful consideration of the needs and preferences of both traditionalists and modern golfers, as well as the incorporation of new technologies and innovations to enhance the overall golfing experience.

Despite these challenges, American Express’s ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course was ultimately successful in re-establishing the resort as a premier golf destination. The company’s investments in restoration and modernization efforts paid off, and the resort once again became a must-visit destination for golf enthusiasts from around the world.

Jim Justice’s Acquisition and Revitalization

In 2010, Jim Justice, a prominent businessman and entrepreneur, acquired The Greenbrier resort, including its famed golf course. At the time, the resort was facing significant financial struggles, and its future was uncertain. Justice, a passionate golfer, saw an opportunity to not only save the resort but also to revitalize it and restore it to its former glory.

The Greenbrier’s Financial Struggles

The Greenbrier had been struggling financially for several years leading up to Justice’s acquisition. The resort had been hit hard by the economic downturn, and its popularity had waned. In addition, the resort had fallen into disrepair, and many of its facilities were in need of renovation.

Despite these challenges, Justice saw potential in the resort and believed that he could turn it around. He recognized that the golf course was one of the resort’s greatest assets and that it had the potential to draw in new customers and revitalize the resort’s reputation.

Justice’s Vision and Investment

Justice’s vision for The Greenbrier was to restore it to its former glory as a premier destination for golf enthusiasts. He invested heavily in the resort, pouring millions of dollars into renovations and upgrades.

One of the first things Justice did was to revamp the golf course, bringing in renowned golf course architect Tom Fazio to redesign the layout. Fazio’s design included the addition of new holes, the redesign of existing holes, and the installation of state-of-the-art irrigation and drainage systems.

In addition to the golf course renovations, Justice also invested in the resort’s other facilities, including its lodging, dining, and spa offerings. He brought in new management teams to oversee these areas and implemented new marketing strategies to attract more customers.

Justice’s investment paid off, and The Greenbrier quickly regained its status as one of the premier golf resorts in the world. Today, the resort is once again a destination for golf enthusiasts from around the globe, and its ownership structure remains a key factor in its ongoing success.

The Role of The Greenbrier Corporation in Ownership

The Greenbrier Corporation has played a crucial role in the ownership and management of The Greenbrier Golf Course. As a hospitality and transportation conglomerate, The Greenbrier Corporation has diversified its business portfolio to include ownership of various assets, including luxury resorts and sports facilities. The company’s strategic investment in The Greenbrier Golf Course is aimed at preserving the legacy of the resort while expanding its offerings to guests.

Diversification and Expansion

The Greenbrier Corporation’s ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course is part of its broader strategy to diversify its business portfolio. By investing in a world-class golf course, the company is able to attract a new demographic of customers who are interested in golf tourism. This investment has allowed The Greenbrier to expand its offerings and appeal to a wider range of customers, including golf enthusiasts and families looking for a luxury vacation experience.

Through its ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course, the company is also able to leverage its existing infrastructure and resources to provide guests with a seamless and memorable experience. For example, the resort’s golf packages include accommodations, meals, and access to the golf course, as well as other amenities such as spa services and outdoor activities. By integrating these offerings, The Greenbrier is able to create a unique and comprehensive guest experience that sets it apart from other luxury resorts.

Preservation of the Resort’s Legacy

In addition to expanding its offerings, The Greenbrier Corporation’s ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course is also aimed at preserving the legacy of the resort. The golf course was originally designed by legendary golf course architect Seth Raynor and has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century. By investing in the course, The Greenbrier Corporation is committed to maintaining its historical significance and ensuring that it remains a world-class golf destination for generations to come.

The company has taken great care to preserve the original design and character of the golf course while making necessary updates and improvements to ensure that it remains competitive with other top-tier golf courses. This commitment to preservation is evident in the attention to detail that is evident throughout the course, from the meticulously maintained greens and fairways to the historic clubhouse and iconic features such as the Old White TPC hole-in-one pond.

Overall, The Greenbrier Corporation’s ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course is a testament to its commitment to preserving the legacy of the resort while expanding its offerings to guests. Through its investment in the golf course, the company is able to provide a unique and comprehensive guest experience that sets it apart from other luxury resorts, while also ensuring that the course remains a world-class golf destination for years to come.

The Greenbrier Golf Course: A Storied Past and a Promising Future

Maintaining the Course’s Reputation and Heritage

Hiring Renowned Course Architects

The Greenbrier Golf Course has been renowned for its exceptional design and challenging play, and the management understands the importance of maintaining this reputation. To achieve this, they have made strategic decisions to hire renowned course architects to keep the course up-to-date and competitive.

The latest renovation of the course was completed in 2018, and it was led by architect and golf course designer, Lindsay Ervin. Ervin has worked on numerous golf courses, including the iconic Pine Valley Golf Club and the TPC Sawgrass Stadium Course. His experience and expertise have been invaluable in updating the course while preserving its historical features.

Additionally, the Greenbrier has also sought advice from legendary golf course architect, Tom Doak, who is known for his minimalist approach to design. His input has helped the management to strike a balance between modernizing the course and preserving its traditional features.

Embracing Modernity While Preserving Tradition

The Greenbrier Golf Course has a long-standing tradition, and the management recognizes the importance of preserving its heritage. However, they also understand that embracing modernity is crucial to stay competitive in the golfing world.

To achieve this delicate balance, the management has invested in state-of-the-art technology to improve the course’s infrastructure and playing conditions. For instance, they have installed a sophisticated irrigation system that ensures optimal playing conditions throughout the year. Additionally, they have implemented a golf course management software that helps in tracking the course’s performance and making data-driven decisions.

While these technological advancements have been implemented, the management has ensured that they do not detract from the course’s traditional charm. The Greenbrier Golf Course remains true to its roots, with its distinctive features and challenging play intact.

Overall, the management’s commitment to maintaining the course’s reputation and heritage is evident in their decision to hire renowned course architects and embrace modernity while preserving tradition. This approach ensures that the Greenbrier Golf Course remains a top destination for golf enthusiasts, both locally and internationally.

The Greenbrier Golf Course’s Continued Significance

Hosting Major Tournaments

  • The Greenbrier Classic: Established in 2010, this PGA Tour event showcases the course’s capabilities in hosting world-class competitions.
  • A Military Tribute at The Greenbrier: This annual event on the PGA Tour’s Tour attracts top talent, further solidifying the course’s reputation.
  • The Greenbrier’s Women’s Classic: The course has hosted LPGA Tour events, including the 2019 edition of this event, highlighting its adaptability to various competitions.

Attracting Golfing Enthusiasts and Legends

  • Celebrity and Professional Players: The course’s allure has drawn numerous high-profile players, from Hollywood celebrities to professional golfers, who enjoy the unique blend of challenge and beauty it offers.
  • Golfing Legends: The Greenbrier Golf Course has been graced by the presence of golfing legends such as Gary Player, who has lauded the course’s design and natural beauty.
  • Strong Golfing Heritage: With a storied past of hosting esteemed players and events, the course continues to be a destination for those seeking a truly exceptional golfing experience.

The Future of The Greenbrier Golf Course

Sustainable Development and Environmental Stewardship

The future of The Greenbrier Golf Course is poised for success, as the owners continue to invest in sustainable development and environmental stewardship. Initiatives include implementing water-efficient irrigation systems, utilizing solar power for course operations, and incorporating native plant species to promote biodiversity. These efforts will not only reduce the course’s ecological footprint but also enhance the overall player experience by preserving the natural beauty of the surroundings.

Embracing Technological Advancements

As technology continues to evolve, The Greenbrier Golf Course is embracing innovations to improve the golfing experience for players. One such example is the integration of state-of-the-art golf simulators, which allow players to practice and play virtual rounds in various weather conditions and courses worldwide. This technological advancement not only provides a unique experience for players but also helps to attract a wider range of golf enthusiasts, further solidifying the course’s promising future.

The Impact of Jim Justice’s Ownership on The Greenbrier Golf Course

Since taking over as the owner of The Greenbrier Golf Course, Jim Justice has made several changes that have had a significant impact on the course. Here are some of the ways in which his ownership has affected the course:

Growth and Expansion

One of the most notable changes under Jim Justice’s ownership has been the expansion of the course. In 2018, he announced plans to build a second course at The Greenbrier, which would be called The Meadows. This new course would be designed by renowned golf course architect, Lindsay Ervin. The Meadows would feature a links-style layout and would be built on a section of the property that had previously been used for farming.

The addition of The Meadows has allowed The Greenbrier to become a destination for golf enthusiasts, offering two distinct courses with different challenges and styles. This expansion has also created new jobs and increased revenue for the course, which has helped to ensure its long-term viability.

Ensuring Long-Term Viability and Success

Another impact of Jim Justice’s ownership has been his focus on ensuring the long-term viability and success of The Greenbrier Golf Course. This has included investing in new technology and equipment, as well as in the training and development of the course’s staff.

One example of this investment is the installation of a state-of-the-art irrigation system, which has helped to improve the quality of the course’s greens and fairways. Additionally, Justice has worked to build strong relationships with local and national golf organizations, which has helped to increase the course’s profile and attract more visitors.

Overall, Jim Justice’s ownership of The Greenbrier Golf Course has had a significant impact on the course, helping to drive growth and expansion while ensuring its long-term viability and success.


1. Who owns The Greenbrier golf course?

The Greenbrier golf course is owned by Dr. Béla Fleck, a renowned neurosurgeon, and his wife, Julia. Dr. Fleck purchased the course in 2010 and has since invested significant time and resources into its maintenance and improvement.

2. How did Dr. Béla Fleck acquire The Greenbrier golf course?

Dr. Béla Fleck acquired The Greenbrier golf course in 2010 when it was facing financial difficulties. He saw the potential in the course and decided to purchase it with the goal of restoring it to its former glory.

3. What improvements have been made to The Greenbrier golf course since Dr. Béla Fleck acquired it?

Since acquiring The Greenbrier golf course, Dr. Béla Fleck has made numerous improvements to the course. These include upgrading the irrigation system, improving drainage, resurfacing the greens, and adding new amenities such as a driving range and practice facility.

4. Is The Greenbrier golf course open to the public?

Yes, The Greenbrier golf course is open to the public. However, it is also used for tournaments and events, so it is recommended to check the schedule before planning a visit.

5. What kind of tournaments and events are held at The Greenbrier golf course?

The Greenbrier golf course has hosted a variety of tournaments and events over the years, including the Greenbrier Classic, a PGA Tour event, and the Solheim Cup, a premier women’s golf event. The course has also hosted numerous amateur tournaments and events.

6. Is The Greenbrier golf course a part of The Greenbrier resort?

Yes, The Greenbrier golf course is a part of The Greenbrier resort, which is located in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. The resort offers a range of amenities and activities, including golf, tennis, and spa services.

7. How many golf courses does The Greenbrier resort have?

The Greenbrier resort has two golf courses: The Old White TPC and The Greenbrier Golf Course. The Old White TPC is the older of the two courses and is a historic course that has hosted numerous tournaments over the years. The Greenbrier Golf Course is the newer of the two courses and was purchased by Dr. Béla Fleck in 2010.

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